Linked Data is about using the Web to “connect related data that wasn’t previously linked, or using the Web to lower the barriers to linking data currently linked using other methods” (Linkeddata.org). More specifically, Wikipedia defines Linked Data as “a term used to describe a recommended best practice for exposing, sharing, and connecting pieces of data, information, and knowledge on the Semantic Web using URIs and RDF.”
The Semantic Web provides a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application, enterprise, and community boundaries. It is a collaborative effort led by W3C with participation from a large number of researchers and industrial partners.
The W3C is the home of the Linked Library Incubator Group, whose mission “is to help increase global inter-operability of library data on the Web, by bringing together people involved in Semantic Web activities—focusing on Linked Data—in the library community and beyond, building on existing initiatives, and identifying collaboration tracks for the future.”
Few library institutions have begun work to design or develop the infrastructure required to use Linked Data as the basis of the environments and tools used for creating, managing, delivering, and sharing the information that supports discovery and navigation services for the collections and resources they deliver.
In May 2010, CLIR and its DLF program, in partnership with the British Library, held a Global Digital Libraries Linked Data workshop to better understand the Semantic Web and envision its application in a library context. By the end of the workshop, it was clear that there was a great need for a coordinated effort to continue exploring the impact Linked Data will have on libraries, as well as demonstrative projects. Linked Open Data is a complex concept that requires many conversations to successfully seed and mobilize efforts within the library, archives, and museum communities.
- Session Notes from 2011 DLF Forum – Moving Forward: Examining the Needs to Re-tool LAMs Data
- The Semantic Link (Monthly Podcast)
- Linked Data: Evolving the Web into a Global Data Space – Tom Heath and Christian Bizer
- Be Part of the Web – Not Just On It: Report of the Stanford Linked Data Workshop, 27 June – 1 July, 2011 – CLIR
- Literature Survey in Support of Stanford Linked Data Workshop June 27 – July 1, 2011 – CLIR
- What is Linked Data? – Mike Bergman
- Linked Data: The Story So Far – Christian Bizer, Tom Heath, and Tim Berners-Lee
- State of the LOD Cloud – Chris Bizer, Anja Jentzsch, and Richard Cyganiak
- The Semantic Web, Linked and Open Data: A Briefing Paper – Lorna M. Campbell and Sheila MacNeill